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NUTRITION IN AGING

Particularities in the nutrition of the elderly

Due to physiological changes that the old age brings, the elderly are recommended to:

1.       Divide their daily food intake into several smaller, more frequent daily meals in suitable time intervals, the breakfast is as important as for the general population, dinner/supper should be taken early (at least two hours before sleep) and should be light

2.       After each meal a shorter nap is recommended

3.       Foodstuffs that each meal consists of, should be carefully chosen in a way that ensures the high intake of nutrients and controlled energy intake - the intake of nutritionally rich and energetically balanced high-quality varied foods is important, predominantly foods of plant origin should be consumed, the energy density of food should be between 1,5 and 2 kcal/ml (when there is no malnutrition), with enough of dietary fiber especially through the inclusion of fruits and vegetables, and the adequate intake of liquids. When choosing suitable nutrition, physiological capabilities, and from any pathologies arising limitations of an individual should be taken into consideration, also the technology of food preparation should be adapted to it - recommended is the consumption of food that is prepared in a healthy way- steamed, cooked or baked without fat, with only little of fried and grilled food;

4.      For healthy nutrition of the elderly it is of extreme importance that they eat in a relaxed manner and enjoy their food - in peace, no noise, sitting down, in a pleasant company. The same holds true for exercising - let it be a joy, relaxing and fun.